Etymology[ edit ] The region was originally called Sapta Sindhu ,  the Vedic land of the seven rivers flowing into the ocean. Of the five great rivers of Punjab, four course through Pakistan's Punjab province. History of Punjab Due to its location, the Punjab region came under constant attack and witnessed centuries of foreign invasions by the Persians , Greeks , Kushans , Scythians , Turks and Afghans. The northwestern part of South Asia , including Punjab, was repeatedly invaded or conquered by various foreign empires, including those of Tamerlane , Alexander the Great , and Genghis Khan. Ancient history[ edit ] Location of Punjab, Pakistan and the extent of the Indus Valley Civilisation sites in and around it The oldest evidence of life in Pakistan has been found in Soan River valley.
The Harappan Civilization by Tarini Carr
Punjab, Pakistan - Wikipedia
Punjabi diaspora The Punjabi people have emigrated in large numbers to many parts of the world. In the early 20th century, many Punjabis began settling in the United States, including independence activists who formed the Ghadar Party. The most populous areas being London, Birmingham, Manchester and Glasgow. There are also large communities in East Africa including the countries of Kenya , Uganda and Tanzania. Of recent times many Punjabis have also moved to Italy. Punjabi homeland[ edit ] According to Pippa Virdee, the partition of India and Pakistan has shadowed the sense of loss of what used to be a homeland nation for the Punjabi people in the Indian subcontinent and its diaspora. History of Punjab One of the first known kings of ancient Punjab, King Porus who fought with Alexander Indigenous population flourished in this region, leading to a developed civilisation in 5th to 4th millennium BC,  the ancient Indus Valley Civilization.
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Viking crafters were very big on this style. This child's sock is from ancient Egypt, in Coptic style; wonderful how it has kept its colors! Coptic Christians of Roman Egypt liked to make a separate pouch for the big toe.
Located in what's now Pakistan and western India, it was the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. It was the largest of the four ancient civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India and China. However, of all these civilizations the least is known about the Indus Valley people. This is because the Indus script has not yet been deciphered. There are many remnants of the script on pottery vessels, seals, and amulets, but without a "Rosetta Stone" linguists and archaeologists have been unable to decipher it.